Bennett & Belfort P.C.
The B&B Docket Blog
Developments in the Dynamic World
of Business and Employment Law

Archive for January, 2018

EMPLOYER ALERT: NEW PREGNANT WORKER LAW STARTS APRIL 1ST

Posted on: January 25th, 2018 by admin

pregnant women

On April 1, 2018, An Act Establishing the Massachusetts Pregnant Workers Fairness Act, (“PWFA”) goes into effect.  All employers in Massachusetts should be aware of this law.  The PWFA extends the protections of Massachusetts anti-discrimination law (Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 151B) to pregnant workers within the Commonwealth, and grants additional safeguards for pregnant workers seeking workplace accommodations relating to their pregnancy. The PWFA specifically extends coverage for pregnancy, and related conditions, including lactation.

Essentially, the PWFA applies the reasonable accommodation standards that are used in disability cases to pregnancy, and requires employers to engage in an interactive process and to provide employees reasonable accommodations, unless doing so would impose an undue hardship on the employer. The PWFA includes a non-exhaustive list of specific accommodations that may be available to pregnant employees, including:

(1)   Time off to recover from childbirth (with or without pay);

(2)   More frequent or longer breaks (with or without pay);

(3)   Temporary transfer to a less strenuous/hazardous position;

(4)   Job restructuring;

(5)   Light duty;

(6)   Private non-bathroom space for expressing breast milk;

(7)   Assistance with manual labor; or

(8)   Modified work schedules.

The PWFA requires the need to engage in an interactive process, which is essentially a dialogue between the employee and employer concerning possible accommodations that may be available.

The PWFA also makes it illegal for an employer to: (1) retaliate against pregnant workers who seek accommodations, (2) refuse to hire an individual who may need an accommodation  relating to pregnancy or the need to express breast milk; (3) require a pregnant or lactating employee to accept an accommodation that does not enable them to perform the essential functions of their job; (4) require a pregnant or lactating employee to take a leave of absence, when other accommodations may be available; and (5) refuse to hire an individual because of her pregnancy ore related condition.

Importantly, all employers covered by the act are required to provide written notification to existing employees of their rights under the PWFA on or before April 1, 2018, and new employees at the start of their employment.

As with other violations of Chapter 151B, employers who fail to comply with the provisions set forth in the PWFA may be liable for back pay, front pay, emotional distress, punitive damages, and attorneys’ fees and costs.

 

 

Bennett & Belfort secures $1,235,000 Jury Verdict v MWRA

Posted on: January 18th, 2018 by admin

2013-david-b-photo-150x150A Suffolk County jury today awarded $1,235,000 to Richard DaPrato against the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority (MWRA). In reaching today’s verdict, the jury concluded that the MWRA deliberately retaliated against Mr. DaPrato  after 11 years of unblemished service by firing him for taking medical leave for surgery, and for requesting future leave.

Mr. DaPrato was represented by David E. Belfort of Bennett & Belfort PC of Cambridge and Robert S. Mantel of Powers, Jodoin, Margolis & Mantell LLP of Boston. The jury strongly rejected the Authority’s argument that Mr. Daprato violated the public trust.  Instead, the jury found that the MWRA, a public entity, violated Mr. DaPrato’s rights to medical leave under both the Family Medical Leave Act and the Massachusetts Fair Employment Practices Act (M.G.L. 151B)

The Jury awarded Mr. Daprato $320,000 in lost pay damages, including his future pension losses, in addition to $200,000 in emotional distress damages.  The Jury issued punitive damages to deter future outrageous conduct by the MWRA in an amount of $715,000.

David Belfort said, “This decision affirms the rights of employees to request and take legally protected medical leave without being subjected to adverse action.”

The final judgment, which has not yet been entered, will also include pre-judgment interest and a petition for Mr. DaPrato’s attorneys’ fees is forthcoming.  (See Jury Verdict Slip Below)

DaPrato Verdict 1.18.18_Page_1DaPrato Verdict 1.18.18_Page_2

 

Partner, Eric LeBlanc, quoted in Massachusetts Lawyers Weekly Article Regarding an Employee’s Successful Post-Termination Claim of Workplace Retaliation

Posted on: January 11th, 2018 by admin

wwa_eric-117x150Massachusetts Lawyers Weekly sought commentary from Bennett & Belfort partner, Eric LeBlanc, in its article on a recent U.S. Bankruptcy Court decision concerning a contract worker’s claim against her former employer’s Chapter 11 bankruptcy estate for severance pay.  (“At-will worker can seek severance against bankruptcy estate: Company’s failure to offer benefits deemed retaliatory,” Mass. Lawyers Weekly, December 21, 2017.)  Dr. Christine Briggs, while an at-will employee of Genesys Research Institute, Inc., was one of a number of workers who filed whistleblower complaints against the company for alleged misuse of restricted funds.  Although an employer is not required to offer severance pay when laying off an at-will employee, Dr. Briggs discovered that when Genesys terminated at-will employees in a series of layoffs prior to filing for bankruptcy, it had systematically offered severance to those who had not lodged whistleblower complaints but failed to offer severance to those who had made complaints.  In the case, In Re: Genesys Research Institute, Inc., Justice Joan Feeney concluded that the employer’s conduct was retaliatory, and thus Dr. Briggs, although an at-will employee, was entitled to claim severance pay.

Attorney LeBlanc remarked that the Judge’s decision is significant because the court sustained a claim concerning an employer’s retaliatory conduct that occurred after the employee’s termination.  “There are mitigating factors in this case because it was a bankruptcy decision with a different burden-shifting, and the trustee made limited attempts to refute the claim,” Attorney LeBlanc told Lawyers Weekly. “But it could still be applicable in assisting plaintiffs in getting over an initial hurdle regarding a potential retaliatory action that occurs post-termination… Put more simply, you can use post-termination employer behavior to potentially prove either discrimination or retaliatory animus.”

From a common-sense, layperson’s perspective, it goes without saying that retaliation and discrimination by any person or entity against another can post-date the technical termination of the relationship between perpetrator and victim.  The case law in this regard is, however, a work in progress.

READ BEFORE YOU SIGN: DAVID E. BELFORT, QUOTED ON FIDUCIARY DUTY CLAIM INVOLVING AN ALLEGED ILLICIT TRANSFER OF SHARES

Posted on: January 3rd, 2018 by admin

2013-david-b-photo-150x150

We are pleased to announce that Bennett and Belfort, P.C. managing partner, David E. Belfort, was quoted in the December 21, 2017 issue of Massachusetts Lawyers Weekly in a cover page article entitled, “Breach-of-fiduciary claim vs. accountant allowed.” http://masslawyersweekly.com/2017/12/21/breach-of-fiduciary-duty-claim-vs-accountant-allowed/. The article discusses a Suffolk Superior Court decision coming out of the Business Litigation Session authored by Hon. Judge Leibensperger on a Motion To Dismiss.  The Court held that a lawsuit can proceed for breach of fiduciary duty where an accountant allegedly obtained an equity interest in the investment fund he managed through written instruments he submitted to the plaintiffs (his bosses) without fully disclosing that the documents transferred equity to the Defendant.  Interestingly, this purported ownership transfer took place just a short time before the Defendant left the company’s employ, and the transfer documents were prepared by a junior level attorney at a law firm that represented the company.

Attorney Belfort addressed the evidentiary challenges which remained for the plaintiff as the case continues. “Fiduciary duty claims still require that you have actual evidence of malfeasance in some way or a material omission,” Attorney Belfort said. “In this case, if they are able to prove that the defendant deliberately misled them or concealed key information, then they have a chance. If they can’t, they’re going to have a tough time getting through summary judgment.”   The Plaintiffs admit they signed two documents relative to the equity transfer at issue but say they did not fully read the documents.  Plaintiffs claim that the Defendant, as a senior executive at the firm, had a fiduciary duty beyond presenting the documents to them for signature, including to inform them about the equity transfer it contained, which was done – they argue – without Plaintiffs’ knowledge and approval.  This, they claim, is sufficient to show a breach of fiduciary duty under Massachusetts law and at this early stage according to Judge Leibensperger – they were correct.

Partner Eric LeBlanc Speaks on the Interactive Process at MCLE Annual Employment Law Conference

Posted on: January 2nd, 2018 by admin

wwa_eric-117x150

 

The MCLE (Massachusetts Continuing Legal Education) New England held its annual Employment Law Conference on December 8, 2017, and Bennett & Belfort partner Eric R. LeBlanc was one of two attorneys selected to lecture and moderate discussion in a breakout session entitled “The Interactive Process: Everything You Need to Know and Understand to Advise Your Clients and Litigate Your Case.”  If an employee advises his or her employer of a physical or mental impairment that affects the employee’s ability to perform the job effectively, the employer must work with the employee to attempt to discern a “reasonable accommodation” that might enable adequate job performance. Massachusetts and federal law do not formally define this “interactive process,” nor is a reasonable accommodation possible in every instance; but once an employee has disclosed a disability and requested reasonable accommodation, significant harm can result from either party’s failure to engage in a good faith interactive process.  At the December 8th breakout session, Attorney LeBlanc joined Attorney Katherine Rigby of Ogletree, Deakins, Nash Smoak & Stewart in educating attendees about the specific actions required of employers and employees in the interactive process; common pitfalls to avoid; potential claims, liability and defenses for clients on either side of process; and developing trends in the relevant case law.  Attorney LeBlanc and Attorney Rigby were able to share their experience and expertise with a wide audience because the session was held via webcast as well as in person at MCLE’s conference center.